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Unveiling the Osmanabadi Goat Breed: Attributes, Distribution, and Dual

Unveiling the Osmanabadi Goat Breed: Attributes, Distribution, and Dual Performance

Introduction: Osmanabadi Goat Breed

The Osmanabadi goat breed, indigenous to the picturesque landscapes of Latur, Tuljapur, and Udgir taluks in the Osmanabad district of Maharashtra, India, holds a unique place in the world of livestock. This article delves into the breed’s distribution, distinctive characteristics, and noteworthy contributions to both meat and milk production.

Distribution and Habitat

The Osmanabadi goats have found their niche in the Osmanabad district of Maharashtra, primarily in the areas of Latur, Tuljapur, and Udgir taluks. These regions, known for their diverse geography and climate, have nurtured the development of this adaptable and valuable breed.

Breed Characteristics

Size and Physical Features

Osmanabadi goats are notable for their substantial size, adding to their distinct presence. Adult males of the breed have an average weight of around 34 kilogrammes, while adult females typically weigh around 32 kilogrammes. Their body length measures approximately 68 centimetres for males and 66 centimetres for females. The chest girth of these goats ranges from 72 centimetres for males to 71 centimetres for females, underscoring their robust build.

Conformation and Appearance

Variability in coat colour characterises the Osmanabadi breed, with black being the predominant colour at 73%. The remaining goats showcase shades of white, brown, or spots, contributing to their visual diversity. Notably, 90% of males are horned, while females may exhibit either horned or poled characteristics. This unique array of physical traits adds to the breed’s charm and adaptability.

Osmanabadi Goat Breed 1
Unveiling the Osmanabadi Goat Breed: Attributes, Distribution, and Dual 2

Performance Metrics

Dual Utility

The Osmanabadi breed is prized for its versatile contributions to both meat and milk production. These goats play a pivotal role in the meat industry, with an average dressing percentage ranging from 45 to 50. Additionally, they are valuable sources of milk, yielding an average of 0.5 to 1.5 kilogrammes daily over a lactation period of about four months.

Reproduction and Breeding

In favourable conditions, the does of the Osmanabadi breed exhibit remarkable reproductive capabilities. They are known to breed regularly twice a year, aligning with their adaptability to local climatic conditions. Twin births are common among this breed, further emphasising their prolific nature.


The Osmanabadi goat breed’s distinctive size, adaptable appearance, and dual performance capabilities make it a remarkable asset to the Osmanabad district of Maharashtra. From their variable coat colours to their valuable contributions to both the meat and milk industries, these goats have carved a niche for themselves in local economies and agriculture. Their ability to thrive in diverse environments and their role in sustaining rural livelihoods underscore the importance of indigenous breeds in the realm of livestock.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What regions are associated with the distribution of the Osmanabadi goat breed?
A: The Osmanabadi goats are mainly distributed in Latur, Tuljapur, and Udgir taluks of the Osmanabad district in Maharashtra, India.

Q2: How does the Osmanabadi breed contribute to both meat and milk production?
A: These goats are valued for their meat, with a dressing percentage of 45 to 50, and for their milk, with an average daily yield of 0.5 to 1.5 kilogrammes over four months.

Q3: What is the distinguishing feature of the Osmanabadi breed’s appearance?
A: The breed exhibits variability in coat colour, with black being predominant at 73%, and showcases a mix of white, brown, or spotted patterns.

Q4: How frequently do Osmanabadi does breed, and is twinning common?
A: Under favourable conditions, Osmanabadi does breed twice a year, and twinning is a common occurrence, highlighting their prolific reproductive nature.

Q5: How do Osmanabadi goats contribute to local economies?
A: These goats play a significant role in rural economies by providing both meat and milk, supporting livelihoods and sustenance.

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