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Making Silage for Stall-Fed Goats

Making Silage for Stall-Fed Goats: Techniques and Types of Silos

Raising goats under stall-fed conditions demands careful attention to their dietary needs. Ensuring that goats receive the right nutrition is crucial for their health and productivity. In this article, we’ll delve into the techniques of making silage, a valuable feedstuff for stall-fed goats, and explore the different types of silos used in the preservation process.


When it comes to raising goats in stall-fed environments, maintaining their dietary balance becomes paramount. Stall-fed goats require specific amounts of green and dry fodder, as well as ready-made seeds to ensure optimal growth and health.

Nutritional Requirements for Stall-Fed Goats

Stall-fed goats have distinct nutritional needs. A fully stall-fed goat should receive about 3-4 kg of green fodder, 1-2 kg of dry fodder, and 200-250 grams of concentrates daily. For partially stall-fed goats, these quantities should be halved.

Importance of Colostrum and Special Kid Ration

Colostrum, the first milk produced by the mother goat, is vital for newborn kids. It provides essential nutrients and antibodies crucial for building their natural immunity. After about 10-12 days, supplementary special kid rations can be introduced, while milk feeding continues for up to 2.5 to 3.0 months.

For adult goats, specific green leaves from shrubs like Anjan, Subabhul, Babulbeans, Shevari, and Pangara are recommended. These leaves contribute to their overall nutrition and health.

The Significance of Green Forage Preservation

Preserving green forage crops for long-term feeding is essential. Silage, a feedstuff obtained through acidification, serves this purpose effectively.

Understanding Silage-Making Process

The silage-making process involves two phases: aerobic and anaerobic. During the aerobic phase, plant enzymes and microorganisms consume oxygen and sugars, generating heat and carbon dioxide. Minimizing this phase maintains silage quality.

In the anaerobic phase, anaerobic bacteria ferment the plant material, producing lactic acid that lowers the silage’s pH. This phase ensures preservation and inhibits microbial growth.

Types of Horizontal Silos

There are two main types of horizontal silos: below ground level and above ground. Below ground silos include pits or trenches, while above ground silos include bunkers and stacks. Each type has its advantages and suitability for different settings.

Optimal Dimensions for Silos

The correct height and width of silos are crucial for proper silage preservation. The silo’s dimensions depend on daily usage and removal rate, with taller silos helping with better packing and preservation.

Making Silage for Stall-Fed Goats
Making Silage for Stall-Fed Goats

Utilising Silage as Goat Feed

Silage offers numerous benefits for goats, including improved milk production, weight gain, and reduced feed wastage. Feeding guidelines include making silage a primary component of the diet and combining it with concentrate feed.

Silage Production Explained

Silage production involves preserving green forage crops through acidification. The aerobic phase consumes oxygen and burns sugars, while the anaerobic phase produces lactic acid, lowering the pH and stopping fermentation.

Horizontal Silos: Advantages and Selection

Horizontal silos offer cost-effectiveness and suitability for feeding widely separated livestock. Different types cater to various terrains and requirements. Selecting the right type is crucial for efficient silage storage.

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Providing stall-fed goats with the right nutrition is essential for their well-being. Silage, created through the silage-making process, offers a valuable solution for preserving green forage crops. Collaborative efforts and dedicated social work can bring about significant positive changes in communities, ultimately leading to sustainable development.


  1. What is the significance of colostrum for newborn kids?
    Colostrum is essential for newborn kids as it provides vital nutrients and antibodies crucial for building their natural immunity.
  2. How does silage-making prevent spoilage?
    Silage-making involves both aerobic and anaerobic phases. The anaerobic phase, with lactic acid production, lowers the pH and inhibits microbial growth, ensuring silage preservation.
  3. What are the benefits of using silage as goat feed?
    Silage offers benefits like improved milk production, weight gain, and reduced feed wastage for goats.
  4. How does collaboration with industries enhance social initiatives?
    Collaborating with industries provides valuable insights into content management, audience engagement, and effective outreach.
  5. What projects does the author focus on in the Thar Desert region?
    The author concentrates on projects such as water harvesting, electrification, and business opportunities to uplift the Thar Desert communities.

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