When it comes to tiny livestock, black Bengal goats are quite valuable in Bangladesh. This kind of goat is quite widespread and well-liked in the United States. It is also a wonderful source of revenue for the underprivileged people of Bangladesh.
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Approximately 25 million goats are now accessible in Bangladesh. These goats are mostly of the “Black Bengal goat” kind. This kind of goat is excellent for milking, meat, and leather.
The production of goats in Bangladesh is crucial in the fight against poverty and joblessness. Earnings from international trade in commodities like meat are crucial. The black Bengal goat is an excellent choice for this marketing effort. The meat from these goats is much sought-after because of its superior quality.
Characteristics of Bengal Goats
Large chests, erect ears, and various horn sizes are characteristics of black Bengal goats. Their bodies are more compact and shorter than those of more typical goat breeds. There is no roughness to the skin’s hair. Goats of this breed begin having kids as early as 12–15 months old.
Twice a year, the female goat would become pregnant. With the right kind of attention and control, they may have more than two offspring at a time.
Female goats of this breed typically have their first child between the ages of 12 and 15 months and have two kids a year. They may have more than two offspring every cycle with the right kind of care and management.
Goat skin, which is considered an economic commodity by the tannery business, is really a highly precious byproduct. Black Bengal goat farming may be done either intensively or semi-intensively, with equal success. You may raise them on a diversified or integrated farm with milk cows and beef cattle, for example.
Most plains flocks remain put unless, during times of food need, they disperse to nearby areas. Bankura and Purulia, two districts in West Bengal, saw their sheep herds move to Ranchi, a district bordering Bihar, and to other areas in West Bengal.
In hilly portions of the eastern United States, the migratory pattern is remarkably similar to that in the northern temperate zone, where the flocks move to higher elevations throughout the summer. Bonpala sheep in Sikkim begin their annual migration in late March or early April, and they stay in the higher hills during the rainy season to escape the rain, toxic plants, and leeches that appear with the onset of wet weather.
Crop residue, natural grazing areas, and forested regions are the primary feeding grounds for the animals.
Like in other parts of the world, shepherds here confine their flocks to the open fields. However, in the hilly states, the animals share the basement with the rest of the cattle.
Typically, shearing takes place twice a year, between the months of February/March and September/October.
Pneumonia, sheeppox, enterotoxemia, and internal parasites, particularly liver fluke, are among the most common killers.
The black Bengal goat is the fastest-maturing breed in Bangladesh. It’s generally agreed that stags are sexually mature around 6–8 months of age and at 12–15 months. Both male and female animals attain sexual maturity at about 1 year of age.
Despite its tiny size, Black Bengal provides more than two offspring each time, provided you take adequate care and manage them correctly, and it gets pregnant twice a year.
There are several advantages to using black Bengal goats for commercial goat rearing in Bangladesh. Goats have minimal nutritional needs because of their tiny size. They are also more space-efficient than certain other types of cattle.
It is well within the means of the average person to establish a black Bengal goat farming company since the initial money and investment required are extremely minimal. When compared to other domestic animals, such as pigs, the prevalence of diseases is low.
Concerning food and nutrition
The black Bengal goat thrives on local grasses and requires only infrequent grain supplements. Black Bengals often increase in size via extensive grazing and boasting. In the winter and spring, Black Bengal goats need enough clean water, the right minerals, and high-quality hay.
Shelters and boundary walls
Black Bengal goats do well in a tiny, draft-free enclosure. They also need protection from foxes, bobcats, and wild dogs. The environment, lighting, and ventilation system should all be satisfactory. Your goat will be safe from predators if you provide them with a safe place to sleep at night and a high fence.
Goats of the Black Bengal kind are known for their resistance to disease and parasites. Parasite life cycles are disrupted because of the geographical differences between urban and rural areas in Bangladesh. Because of their tiny size and agility, black Bengal goat varieties are perfect for a rotational grazing position.