The city of Batala, India, is probably where the first purebred beetles were kept. Others may refer to them by their country of origin, such as Desi, Amritari, or Lahori. The beetal goat, which has its origins in India, is a significant breed in many nations around Asia. They resemble the Jamunapari goat in many ways. In their own areas, they enjoy widespread acclaim and ubiquity.
This goat breed has a very high milk yield. Also, it’s ideal for industrial meat farming. They thrive in confined spaces, making them ideal for farms with little grazing space.
- Beetals are large and slender compared to the smaller Jamnapari goats.
- Their hues range widely. Black, brown, red, or white, occasionally pied, spotted, or mottled, are the most prevalent colours of this goat. However, its primary coloration is a reddish or golden brown that is spotted with white.
- They have a tight, well-developed physique.
- Extremely long legs and ears. Ears are pendulous.
- Their tail is rather short.
- Put forth a new child every year if you can.
- The milk production from the cows is really high. They have the potential to produce between one and two litres of milk every day.
- Their cranium is large and round, and they have a wide, Roman nose.
- Goats, both sexes, are equipped with horns. The males have longer, spiralling horns than the females.
- The udder of a female goat has lengthy, well-developed teats.
- Female goats produce offspring for the first time at the age of 20–22 months. They might even give birth to infants as early as 17–18 months of age.
- Goats of both sexes mature to roughly the same weight (65 kg for males and 45 kg for females).
- The tips of their horns point backward.
- Beetal goats are well known for their exceptional quality of meat. These goats serve several purposes.
- They develop extreme resistance to environmental stresses and can adapt to almost any setting.
Most of their nutrition comes from forage, which is why they thrive in the semi-arid and dry parts of South Asia. Alfalfa, clover, and grasses like Bermuda and ryegrass are examples of high-quality forages. Their dietary requirements may be met with the consistent availability of fresh, green forage.
Beetles, especially nursing mothers, have a very high protein need. Leguminous forages and protein-rich feeds, such as soybean meal and groundnut cake, are also good protein sources.
The health of these goats as a whole depends on receiving regular mineral supplements. Calcium, phosphorus, and salt are all essential minerals. Make sure they’re getting the right amount of each mineral. If nutritional shortages exist, vitamin supplements may be required as well.
Having easy access to potable water is crucial. For proper digestion, milk production, and general well-being, they, like other animals, need access to enough water.
Beetal goats always have access to new grass because of smart grazing practices like rotational grazing. This aids in keeping their nutrition healthy.
Goats like arid environments for life. Goats may be kept healthy and productive if their housing is kept dry and clean at all times.
Beetal goat milk production is affected by the kind of shelter provided. Their output varies depending on their environment and management.
Goats are most productive when given access to a grazing area during the day and a warm, dry shelter at night. Goats need a safe place to live, away from predators and disease-causing bacteria.
At about 12–15 months of age, a male beetal goat reaches sexual maturity. A female goat produces offspring initially at 20–22 months of age.
If you want to successfully breed a beetle goat, you need to concentrate on the health of both the buck and the doe.
In most years, these goats breed as the weather becomes cooler in the autumn.
They are most fertile between March and May, when they go into heat. The introduction of bucks to the does helps speed up the mating process.
Because of their rapid reproduction, it is not unusual for a single female to produce many offspring.
Maintaining good health and eating habits is essential for successful breeding. Dos and bucks need to be fed, dewormed, and vaccinated on a regular schedule for optimal health.
Most often, they are bred for their meat or milk. Selective breeding and controlled mating practises can improve a variety of traits, including milk production, meat quality, and adaptability.
Goats are mostly protected against clostridial diseases by the administration of the CDT or CD&T vaccine.
The time of birth should not be a barrier to receiving a tetanus shot.
Booster vaccinations are administered between the ages of 5 and 6 weeks, and then annually thereafter.
- They can easily adjust to many climates and other challenging environments because of their exceptional resilience.
- They are immune to illness. Their strong illness resistance ensures that they live long, robust lives.
- They’ll use their milk to make cheese, which will open up new markets for your product.
- Their hair is perfect for stuffing pillows and other household uses.
- They are very intelligent creatures, therefore they can adjust to any setting with relative ease.
Care of pregnant goats
Bring the goat into a room with straw piled on the floor 15 days before the predicted date of kidding.
Care of baby kids
- After giving delivery, use a dry cotton cloth to wipe the newborn’s nose, cheeks, and ears, and then throw away the placental coating.
- The best way to clean a baby is with gentle rubbing.
- If a kid is experiencing trouble breathing, you may assist in clearing their airway by holding them upright with their rear legs bent and their head pointing downward.
- Iodine tincture is used to clean the goat’s udder, and the newborn is given its first taste of colostrum within 30 minutes of entering the world.
Care of Goats After Delivery
After giving birth, it’s important to disinfect the area and wash the goat’s rear end with iodine or Neem water.
After giving birth, the goat is fed a heated diet of ginger, salt, metal sawdust, and sugar, as well as delicious sugary water.